“Rose” and “Eddie” playing on their couch in February 2019, inside their house in Quezon City. Last Updated: Thursday, 17 December 2020, 16:13 GMT ... Human Rights Watch World Report 1989 - Somalia. The government has yet to endorse the list of nominees for the country’s first independent National Human Rights Commission. Jaciane Guajajara (left) and Graça Guajajara remember their father Tomé Guajajara, who was killed in 2007 by loggers who invaded their village to recover a logging truck apprehended by Indigenous people inside the Araribóia Indigenous territory. ... World Report 2020. As HRW describes this e-book, “World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. It's good work. Ongoing armed conflict, insecurity, lack of state protection, and recurring humanitarian crises exposed Somali civilians to serious abuse. The annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, also known as the Human Rights Reports, cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international agreements. Cláudio José da Silva, the coordinator of the “Forest Guardians” of Caru Indigenous Territory, Maranhão State, at the bank of the Pindaré river in June 2018. The work is hard and painful, because the sun hurts his skin. We rely solely on the generosity of people like you to defend human rights. It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 100 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from late 2018 through November 2019” (p. VIII). Sixty-seven percent of this figure is due to indiscriminate and targeted attacks, the majority improvised explosive devices (IEDs) attacks, by the Islamist armed group Al-Shabab. It declared that 2.1 million Somalis face acute food insecurity, as of late September, many of them children and internally displaced. Three days later, at her wake, her brother-in-law, “Renato Aldeguer,” was shot dead, leaving behind young children. Josina (left) with her niece, Luisa, both eight at the time. “I wonder why can't they treat me like a normal person?”. When she would try to sit in the front of the class to better see the blackboard, one teacher would yell, “You albino, you stay where you are!” Her father complained to the school but it only made things worse. Human Rights Watch exposes human rights abuses like torture, violence against women, and child exploitation. World Report 2020 - Somalia Abuses by Government and Allied Forces. In August, Mozambique President Filipe Nyusi and the leader of the country’s main opposition party Renamo, Ossufo Momade, signed a new peace agreement pledging to end years of violence and pave the way for elections in October. He witnessed his father being shot by a masked gunman on December 19, 2016. Students with albinism are not the only ones to face stigma. Somali government forces responded to a handful of largely peaceful... Al-Shabab Abuses. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. It is urgent to resist this assault, which threatens decades of progress on human rights and our future. Read the news release. In May, security forces killed at least one child as students peacefully protested in Beletweyn, following a government decision to postpone exams. This trend continued in 2019 as Al-Shabab pursued an aggressive child recruitment campaign with retaliation against communities refusing to hand over children. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) recorded a total of 1,1154 civilian casualties by mid-November. In September and October, authorities in Puntland repeatedly harassed journalists at Daljir Radio after the station reported on alleged arbitrary arrests and mistreatment of detainees, including the alleged death in custody of one detainee as a result of mistreatment, by Puntland security forces. 0. Report on the human rights situation covering 2019 Human Rights in Africa: Review of 2019 - Somalia [AFR 01/1352/2020] (Periodical Report, English) en ID 2028288 Media and NGOs documented several civilian casualties. The newspaper was accused of spreading misinformation after it reported on the building of a new presidential palace in Hargeisa. He finds that Beijing’s actions both encourage and gain support from autocratic populists around the globe, while Chinese authorities use their economic clout to deter criticism from other governments. Cattle near Governador Indigenous territory, Maranhão State, in June 2018. In December 2018, during the run-up to regional presidential elections in Baidoa, Ethiopian forces arrested Mukhtar Robow, a former Al-Shabab leader who ran for the regional presidency, sparking protests. “When the teacher would say those things to me, it allowed the students to do the same,” Fatima said. While Somali authorities seldom investigate cases of killings or attacks on journalists, a Somali media organization reported that the military court in Mogadishu in absentia sentenced to five years a police officer for the July 2018 killing of cameraman Abdirizak Kasim Iman. I still have the dream but I can't go to school,” said Joao, 19, who dropped out of school for fear of kidnapping. Abuses against Children. Fearing for his life, he decided to seek refuge at a children’s group south of Manila. “When people say terrible things to me, I never answer,” Cesaria said. In July 1990, Africa Watch issued a press release on the massacre of over 100 unarmed civilians at … According to Kyle’s mother, Ricaforte’s body was shown on TV several times and Kyle recognized him. Human rights reforms implemented by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed during his first year in office were threatened in 2019 by communal, including ethnic, conflict and breakdowns in law and order. He is afraid to go to school. The Somali federal and regional authorities, along with their international partners, focused on fighting Al-Shabaab and on managing elections including the South West regional presidential elections in late 2018, Puntland parliamentary and presidential elections in early 2019 and Jubaland parliamentary and presidential elections in August 2019. The report provided eyewitness accounts of the human rights abuses that preceded the outbreak of war, and examined the conduct of the war by government forces and SNM insurgents. “There were no consequences for any of them.”. Eýy Cy, 31, holds his son in the main square of Governador village, where he is chief, in Governador Indigenous Territory in Maranhão State in June 2018. Report of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia (A/HRC/24/40) Most recent reports by the UN Secretary-General, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and Secretariat. Franciel Souza Guajajara, then coordinator of the Wazayzar, or “keepers of the culture,” of Araribóia Indigenous Territory, in Maranhão State, leads a group of guardians on a foot patrol near the village of Lagoa Comprida in June 2018. Since his death, the four Aldeguer children have been living in the streets of Mandaluyong City because their relationship with their mother fell apart. The mandate of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia was established pursuant to resolution 1993/86 of the Commission on Human Rights (see E/CN.4/1993/122). Revita, Josina’s teacher, allows her sit up close in class and gives her extra time during exams. Fartun Ibrahim, a member of the Mogadishu-based Peace and Human Rights Network (PHRN), said the human rights violations documented in the HRW report were an ongoing problem in Somalia. After the Somali government expelled special representative of the secretary-general Haysom, the UN suspended its monthly reporting on human rights issues. Somali federal and regional authorities unlawfully detained children simply for alleged ties to Al-Shabab and at times prosecuted in military courts, children for terrorism-related offenses. In order to maintain our independence, we accept no money from any government. When Nelson, 13, was born, his father thought it was because of witchcraft. Positively, Somalia ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and produced its first report for the Committee on the Rights of the Child. Pyhcop Catiji Indigenous people hired by IBAMA, Brazil´s main federal environmental agency, to prevent and fight forest fires perform exercises in Governador Indigenous Territory in June 2018. “Jennifer” was 11 when her father was shot dead in December 2016 during a drug raid in their home in Payatas, Quezon City, February 2019. ... March 11, 2020. Children cover their noses from the smell during a mass burial on January 24, 2017, of unclaimed bodies in a cemetery in Navotas, a city in Metro Manila that has been hard hit in the “drug war.”, Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808. In August, six UN Security Council member states blocked a bid by Kenya to impose additional counterterrorism sanctions on Al-Shabab that could have jeopardized the delivery of humanitarian aid. The humanitarian crisis in the country continued due to the ongoing conflict, violence, and increasingly frequent drought. According to humanitarian agencies, over 173,255 people had been evicted, most forcibly, by August 2019, primarily in Mogadishu. 0. A masked gunman shot her in the head while she ate dinner outside a convenient store on December 16, 2016. "Pocholo," 17, in February 2019, admitted using drugs but dropped the habit when President Rodrigo Duterte launched his “war on drugs.” The police still harassed him, threatening to kill him when he turned 18. Franciel Souza Guajajara leads a meeting of the Wazayzar  before setting out on patrol in the village of Lagoa Comprida in June 2018. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. The Wazayzar of the Tenetehara Indigenous people patrol the territory and report the illegal logging they encounter to authorities. A month later, the country received Pope Francis, whose presence was aimed at strengthening the peace agreement. Photo taken in February 2019. ecoi.net is run by the Austrian Red Cross (department ACCORD) in cooperation with Informationsverbund Asyl & Migration. Following the December 2018 police violence in Baidoa, key international partners—the European Union, the United Kingdom and Germany—temporarily suspended support to police in the South West State. World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. “Robert” was right behind the gunman when he shot the boy’s father, “Renato Aldeguer,” on December 19, 2016. The ban on Foore was lifted in August. According to his mother, “Kyle,” who is 5 in this February 2019 photo, became more violent after his father was killed in November 2016. Fatima, 20, dropped out of Grade 5 after teachers bullied her because she has albinism. They were looking for her brother John, who would often go missing. There are an estimated 2.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs), many living unassisted and vulnerable to abuse. Inter-clan and intra-security force violence, often over control of land and revenge killings, led to civilian deaths, injuries, and displacement, as did sporadic military operations, including airstrikes, against Al-Shabab by Somali government forces, African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops, and other foreign forces. The 652-page volume reviews human rights practices … Founded in 2016 to support persons with albinism, volunteer-run Azemap provides much-needed supplies –such as soap for sensitive skin, sunscreen, prescription glasses, eye drops—to children with albinism across Tete province. Josina, a girl with albinism, sits in her classroom in Chiuta District in Mozambique’s Tete province. Twelve years on, there has been no trial. Cesaria, a teacher, has overheard students wishing aloud for another teacher because of her albinism. Photo taken in February 2019. Since last June, Revita said that some schools have introduced Braille classes, which Josina was taking. He now works in the fields with his father, where he plants beans and maize. There was a significant number of arbitrary arrests of journalists and temporary closure of media outlets. Executive Director, Africa ... Human Rights Watch … “Zeny” got depressed and lost her Job after her husband “Alvin Ricaforte” was killed. The Somali penal code, currently being revised, classifies sexual violence as an “offence against modesty and sexual honor” rather than as a violation of bodily integrity; it also punishes same-sex intercourse. The Guardians are Tenetehara Indigenous people who patrol the land to detect illegal logging and report it to the authorities. Afaan Oromoo – World Report 2020: Ethiopia – Human Rights Watch. Revita, Josina’s teacher, allows her sit up close in class and gives her extra time during exams. The Guardians are Tenetehara Indigenous people who patrol the land to detect illegal logging and report it to the authorities. Attention to ensuring accountability for abuses remained minimal. “John” lies on a ledge in the streets of Mandaluyong City in January 2019. One of two illegal sawmills found by Human Rights Watch about five kilometers outside Governador Indigenous territory, in the outskirts of Amarante do Maranhão in June 2018. ecoi.net is funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund, the Austrian Ministry of the Interior and Caritas Austria. He tries to find work as a singer. "Women are among the people who face the most problems when it comes to human rights … Somalia Human Rights Human Rights Concerns. Human Rights Watch launches damning report on China, urging action against oppression and abuses By Christina Zhou Posted 14 Jan January 2020 Tue Tuesday 14 Jan January 2020 at 8:06pm This sawmill was in the open, unobscured by any fences or trees, a few hundred meters from a main road, and hooked to the town´s power grid. Annual review of human rights around the globe. He was accused of insulting public officials, disrupting government work, and spreading propaganda. The Human Rights Council adopted without a vote a resolution on assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 Human Rights Watch is anchored by Guiding Principles that orient us in the world and by Core Values that inform our standards, practices, and treatment of one another. In his introductory essay, Executive Director Kenneth Roth says that the Chinese government, which depends on repression to stay in power, is carrying out the most intense attack on the global human rights system in decades. 13 April 2016 A/HRC/32/12: This was the report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review on Somalia. 0. 0. In January, when Somalia became a member of the UN Human Rights Council, the federal government expelled the UN head in Somalia, Nicholas Haysom, pointing to a letter in which he had raised human rights concerns around government actions in Baidoa. Last week, Human Rights Watch (HRW) released their World Report 2020—an annual review of human rights around the globe. Annual report on the human rights situation in 2019 HRW – Human Rights Watch: “World Report 2020 - United States”, Document #2022827 - ecoi.net Countries Our annual review of human rights around the globe. The US military increasingly conducted airstrikes in Somalia and joint military operations against Al-Shabab. The Somaliland government severely restricted reporting and free expression on issues deemed controversial or overly critical of the authorities. Three men were sentenced to death under Puntland’s 2016 Sexual Offences Act, which includes death penalty sentences for “aggravated” cases of rape. World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. The Pyhcop Catiji Indigenous people protect a remnant of Amazon rainforest surrounded by cattle ranches, mostly devoid of trees. The cases of two girls who were gang raped by civilians and died received significant public attention. Shares. Human Rights Watch opposes the death penalty in all cases. Since last June, Revita said that some schools have introduced Braille classes, which Josina was taking. Ongoing armed conflict, insecurity, lack of state protection, and recurring humanitarian crises exposed Somali civilians to serious abuse. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) recorded a total of 1,154 civilian casualties by mid-November. Riifoormiin mirga namoomaa bara hojii tokoffaa muummicha ministeera Abiy Ahmed calqabame bara 2019 keessa walitti bu’insa hawaasaa kan akka walitti bu’insa Sabaafi seer-dhablummaan danqameera. Human Rights Watch upholds the freedoms and defends the protections that promote dignity, equality, and justice. Security forces, notably police forces, responded with lethal force, killing at least 15 protesters and injuring many others between December 13 and 15, according to the UN. Two Years After #MeToo Erupts, A New Treaty Anchors Workplace Shifts, Shutting Down the Internet to Shut Up Critics, Going to the Bank for Food, Not Money: The Growing Reality of Hunger in “Rich” Countries, With Millions Out of School, the Countdown Begins to Get All Children into Quality, Accessible Education, As Killer Robots Loom, Demands Grow to Keep Humans in Control of Use of Force, Holding Companies to Account: Momentum Builds for Corporate Human Rights Duties, Discrimination and Barriers to Education for Persons with Albinism in Mozambique. Two journalists, Mohamed Sahal Omar and Somali-Canadian Hodan Nalayeh, were killed in a July 12 Al-Shabab attack on a hotel in the southern port city of Kismayo. For 20 years, the Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP Report) has demonstrated the United States’ conviction that human trafficking is a global threat necessitating a global response. Our people Mausi Segun. There are an estimated 2.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs), many living unassisted and vulnerable to abuse. Relations between the federal government and the federal member states deteriorated, diverting attention from needed reforms and on occasion resulting in abuses. The Pyhcop Catiji people who live there have set up a group of “Forest Guardians,” who patrol the forest to detect illegal logging. She is often called “money” or “business” outside of class. Amnesty International documented the killing of a member of parliament and a child on December 14. He grabbed his father from behind while the gunman was shooting him and was wounded in the leg. Military courts continue to try defendants in a broad range of cases, including for terrorism-related offenses, in proceedings that violate fair trial standards. The elections were marred by political infighting and allegations of rigging, and authorities muzzl… ... Condemn Minority Rights Report. World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. Al-Shabab executed after unfair trials individuals it accused of working or spying for the government and foreign forces, with media reporting an uptick in executions mid-year; and extorted “taxes” through threats. In 2018, the UN documented more cases of children recruited and used as soldiers in Somalia than in any other country in the world. A Pyhcop Catiji woman uses paint extracted from the jenipapo fruit to draw traditional patterns on a boy´s skin. The 652-page volume reviews human rights practices and trends in nearly 100 countries. The government also arbitrarily arrested perceived government critics. Hostilities in eastern Ukraine entered their sixth year and continued to put civilians’ lives and well-being at risk, even as … Internally displaced women and girls remain at particular risk of sexual and gender-based violence by armed men and civilians. He said his father, who scavenged for scraps for a living, was a good man. 0. Dozens were arbitrarily arrested, reportedly including children. It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 100 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from late 2018 through November 2019. Flavia Pinto, head of Azemap, a volunteer-run organization that supports people with albinism, with a toddler that she is in the process of adopting. Federal and regional authorities, particularly in Somaliland, continued to restrict free expression and media freedoms, including by harassing and arbitrarily detaining journalists and perceived critics, and temporarily shutting down media outlets. Report. ecoi.net is supported by ECRE & UNHCR. 12. The child’s father was convicted of attempting to sell him. On January 12, poet Abdirahman Ibrahim Adan (known as "Abdirahman Abees") was arbitrarily arrested and charged with “insulting the police” after he highlighted various due process abuses in Somaliland. The “Forest Guardians” of Caru Indigenous Territory, Maranhão State, prepare for a patrol in June 2018. At time of writing, the court’s mandate remained unclear, and no juvenile facilities set up. According to multiple media reports, Aisha was raped, mutilated, and strangled to death. Children carry the coffin of “Veneracion” to the top of an apartment-type grave in a cemetery in Mandaluyong City on December 29, 2016. He was acquitted and released on February 25. International support and attention focused on building Somalia’s security sector, improving relations between federal and state authorities, and regional electoral processes. Scenes of the Pindaré river, which marks the limit between the mostly deforested areas around the Caru Indigenous Territory, in Maranhão, and the lush rainforest inside, in June 2018. Al-Shabab continues to prohibit many nongovernmental organizations and all UN agencies from working in areas under its control, blockading some government-controlled towns. The UN explicitly linked the humanitarian situation to climate change, among other factors. June 16, 2020 Report Somalia: Inadequate US Airstrike Investigations ... World Report 2020 Somalia. The Indigenous people of Governador Indigenous Territory use body paints for decoration and ceremonies. Political tensions intensified throughout 2018 and 2019. World Report 2020: Ethiopia | Human Rights Watch. These individuals faced serious abuses, including sexual violence, forced evictions, and limited access to basic needs such as food and water. “My dream was to become a teacher. Annual report on the human rights situation in 2019. In April, AFRICOM acknowledged two civilian casualties in an April 2018 strike, citing internal reporting errors. Karla with her brother Robert and their cousins spend their day near the Marketplace mall in Kalentong, Mandaluyong City, in February 2019. Luisinho, 26, quit his job selling second-hand clothes on the street because he could not afford sunscreen and his skin would burn. Dozens of government and security officials as well as former electoral delegates and clan elders who had been involved in the 2016 electoral process, were assassinated; Al-Shabab claimed responsibility for some of the killings. His father, “Alvin Ricaforte,” was found dead on the Delpan bridge, in Tondo, Manila, his face wrapped in packaging tape and bearing multiple stab wounds in the chest. The UN documented over 100 incidents of sexual violence against girls. The competition between UAE and Qatar over political and economic dominance in Somalia continued to exacerbate intra-Somalia tensions, both between Mogadishu and federal states, and with Somaliland. The government appointed individuals implicated in serious human rights abuses to high-level positions. Since the overthrow of Siad Barre's 21-year government in January 1991, civil conflict has torn Somalia apart, leading to the collapse of the state and the economy. The government failed to put in place juvenile justice measures, notably for children accused of Al-Shabab-related crimes. Loggers cross the river into the territory to extract timber illegally, Indigenous people say. “She is my best friend,” said Josina. ... will deliver its report to the Human Rights Council at its September 2020 session. Somali government forces responded to a handful of largely peaceful demonstrations with lethal force. 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